This second blog piece is related to what teachers should do in their classrooms that would help build interest to students to study more and more. In this case we would use motivation. Motivation can be defined as a force that energizes, sustains and directs behavior toward a goal (Brophy,2004; Pintrich & Schunk 2002) .It is said that children motivation to learn lies at the very core of achieving success in schooling. There are two categories of motivation and they are extrinsic and intrinsic motivation. Teachers should always try to motivate learning so students’ tendencies towards academic activities are more meaningful and worthwhile and students can always try to get intended learning benefits from them.
Extrinsic motivation usually involves students excelling in their studies unless some kind of reward is achieved at the end, for example rewards or prizes. Teachers usually use this style of motivation in order to help bring out the best in students in order to better their academic performance. Some variation of rewards that are given to students would include items such as books, stickers or simply carrying the students outside for games. Another main reward would be incentives such as having the child who performed well getting a star on the wall of fame and at the end of the month the child who gathers up the most stars would be entitled to become student of the week or month. These are all great examples teachers could use in their classrooms to encourage students to perform.
Intrinsic motivation has been studied by social and educational psychologists since the early 1970s. Research has found that it is usually associated with high educational achievement and enjoyment by students. With this being said, when teachers teach lessons to students it would help them to learn better when understanding it clearly and meaningfully. When the lesson is fully explained to students, they would develop a strong liking for that subject matter and eventually take great interest in learning. Furthermore, students in schools would be able to develop goals, ambitions and would form class or school competition with one another. In addition to intrinsic motivation, students would feel a form of satisfaction when they recognize and appreciate their accomplishments in academics.
Teachers can play a major role when they encourage students to study more and always congratulate their own classroom students for their hard work when trying and always reminding students to always keep on trying. These are the aims all teachers should try to focus on, that learning might not be possible without proper insights into what children can gain from knowledge but from what knowledge can help students gain.
Sir Hemant Narinedath